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Тест-пойнт по депрессии

2013;95(1):26-37. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2012.713881. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Rorschach variables and dysfunctional attitudes as measures of depressive vulnerability: a 9-year follow-up study of individuals with different histories of major depressive episodes.

Source

Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway. ellen.hartmann@psykologi.uio.no

Abstract

Forty-six individuals with different histories of major depressive episodes (MDEs) completed the Rorschach (Exner, 2003 ) and the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS; Weissman & Beck, 1978) at 2 assessment points (T1, T2) over a 9-year follow-up. At T1, history of MDE and the Rorschach variable MOR (associated with negative self-image) emerged as significant predictors of number of MDEs over the follow-up. At T2, Rorschach markers of depressive vulnerability and scars were identified (i.e., WSum6, related to illogical thinking; X+%, related to conventional perception and social adjustment; X-%, linked to erroneous judgments; MQ-, associated with impaired social relations; and MOR). Test-retest analyses displayed significant temporal stability in Rorschach variables, with r ranging from .34 to .67 and in the DAS, r = .42. Our findings highlight MDE as a recurrent and serious disorder, number of MDEs as a risk factor for future depressions, and Rorschach variables as markers of depressive vulnerability and scars.




PMID:


22906063


[PubMed - in process] 


Tags: neuroimaging
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